Scene 18

Word/Phrase

Definition

Come apace

Come along, hurry up

Fetch up

Round up

And how

What do you think?

Feature

Form, proportions, shape

Lord warrant us!

Good heavens!

Capricious

Lascivious, play on the Latin word for goat (caper/Capri)

Ill-habited

Poorly housed; also a pun on the fool’s ‘habit’ (clothes)

Jove … house

Baucis and Philemon entertained Jupiter in their thatched cottage, they did not recognize him

Seconded with

Reinforced by

Forward

Precocious

Great … room

Taken to refer to Marlowe’s death in 1591 in an inn during a scuffle; also may be scatological as ‘reeking’

Poetical

Capable of understanding poetry

Lovers … feign

Lovers write poems, and what they vow in their poems may be considered fiction in terms of their loving

Poetical

For Audrey, dishonest

Didst feign

Were lying – about your chastity

Hard-favoured

Ugly

Honey … sugar

Too much of a good thing

Material

Full of matter

To cast … dish

Chastity is wasted on an ugly slattern, as good meat is spoilt by being in a dirty dish

Foul

Ugly, plain

Couple

Join in wedlock

Would fain

Would be glad to

Well met

Welcome

Dispatch us

Fix us up quickly

God’ild you

God reward you (corruption of God yield you a reward)

Bow

Curved wooden yoke used to harness an ox for plowing

Curb

Strap passing under the lower jaw of a horse and fastened to the bit

Bells

The bells attached to the falcon’s leg, which enable the falconer to recapture her

So … desires

Man is constrained by marriage from unbridled sexual appetite

Bill

Intertwine their beaks in mating routine

Breeding

Nurture, education

Under … beggar

Without a church ceremony

Join wainscot

Line up wooden panels in joinery

Shrunk panel

Ill-fitting through the use of unseasoned wood

Not … but

Only of the opinion that

Well … well

Legally

Fantastical

Fanciful, grotesque

Flout

Mock

Calling

Vocation, particularly of religious sects

 Scene 19

Word/Phrase

Definition

Tears … man

Celia’s revenge on Rosalind’s brag of manhood

Dissembling

Deceitful

Chestnut

Auburn

Cast

Pun on the twin meanings of ‘discarded’ and ‘chaste’; also a plaster cast used in modeling

Winter’s sisterhood

Community of nuns

Pick-purse

Pick-pocket

Concave

Curved, hollow

Worm-eaten nut

Walnut or a chestnut

Tapster

Barman

Reckonings

Accounts

Brave

Ostentatiously fine

Traverse athwart

Across, broadside on; break one’s lance in a joust

Puny

Raw, inexperienced

Tilter

Jouster

But … side

In a lop-sided manner, ineffectually

Scene 20 

Word/Phrase

Definition

Falls not

Does not let fall

Pardon

Forgiveness

Coward gates

Eyelids, speck causes the eyelids to blink

Atomies

Tiny particles

Counterfeit

Pretend

Cicatrice

Scar, deep impression

Capable impressure

Indented marks retained by a sensitive or receptive surface

Some moment

For some time

Darted

Being thrown in order to wound

Power of fancy

Ability to arouse love

Keen

Sharp

Afflict

Hurt, wound

What

Even

Nature’s sale-work

Cheap goods

‘Od’s

God save

Tangle

Ensnare, as in a net

Inky … black

Not beautiful

Bugle

Black and glassy

Cheek of cream

‘peaches and cream’ complexion

Wherefore

Why

Foggy south

South wind, warm and moist, inducing fog

Properer

Finer, better appointed

Ill-favour’d

Ugly

Out of you

From your image of her

Lineaments

Features and figure

Cry … mercy

Offer the man your apologies

Take … thee

Take her as wife

A year together

For a whole year

Sauce … words

Taunt

Vows … wine

Unreliable promises of the drunk

Abused

Deceived

Extermined

Exterminated, extinguished

Erst

Previously

Loose

Release

Erewhile

Just now

The old Carlot

Name, probably landowner

Proper

Real, fine

Marked

Scrutinized

In parcels

In sections, item by item

Gone near

Been on the point of

For … do

For what reason had he

Omittance … quittance

Refers to Phoebe not answering Ganymede’s insults in kind; ‘acquittance’ used for canceling debt after being paid

Passing

Extremely

Scene 21 

Word/Phrase

Definition

Clapped … shoulder

Ironic reference to ‘an arresting officer or bailiff, who is like a friend who claps you on the back or shoulder.’

Warrant him

Offer surety for his being

Heart-whole

Unsmitten

Life

Soon

Jointure

Endowment of a house as part of the marriage settlement; Orlando, as a dispossessed younger brother, is a less eligible suitor than a snail, who brings his house/shell on his head

Horns

A cuckoldry joke

Beholding

Under obligation

Prevents

Preempts

Virtue

Chastity

Virtuous

Chaste

Leer

Complexion or feature

Holiday humor

Festive mood

Very, very

Real, true

Graveled

Grounded

Occasion

Opportunity

Are out

Forget their lines

Spit

i.e., while they think what to say next

Shift

Course of action

That should you

You would be

Suit

Wooing

Not … suit

Not undressed, but unable to proceed with your courting

In her person

Playing the part of true Rosalind

By attorney

By proxy

Died … love-cause

Expired in his person, namely videlicit, from a broken heart

Troilus

Son of the Trojan king Priam

Grecian club

Blunt wooden weapon

Patterns of love

Models of true love

Hellespont

Stretch of sea between mainland Greece and the island of Sestos

Right

Real, true

Mind

Opinion

By this hand

Solemn oath

Coming-on disposition

Encouraging mood

What you will

Whatever you like

Fridays and Saturdays

Fast days (Fridays) and feast days (Saturdays)

All

Every day

Commission

Warrant or instrument conferring authority

April

Prime of life and love

May

Month of brilliant but unreliable weather

Maids

Unmarried girls (virgins)

Barbary cock-pigeon

Special variety of black or dun-colored pigeon

New-fangled

Obsessed with novelty

Monkey

Renowned for lechery

Diana … fountain

The forsaken shepherd remembers that his faithless love Diana wept false tears into the fountain while vowing eternal love

Sleep

Propensity of wayward wives to interrupt sleep

Casement

Window

Wit, whither wilt?

Will and Wit search for each other; letting one’s tongue run away with him

Check

Restraint, rebuke

Make her fault her husband’s occasion

Convert her own fault into an accusation or charge on her husband

Lack

Do without

Ay, go your ways

Well, have it your own way

Prove

Turn out to be

‘Tis but one cast away

It’s only one person lost

Jot

Iota

Pathetical

Pathetic, affectionate rather than scornful

Gross band

Coarse crowd or mob

Censure

Judgment

Plucked

Pulled off

Sounded

Measured

Bay of Portugal

Water is very deep

As fast as you pour affection in, it runs out

Image of a sieve

Spleen

Seat of melancholy

Shadow

Shady place

 Scene 22

Word/Phrase

Definition

Sleep

Teasing: true lovers should be insomniac

Contents

Suggestion of the discontents which the letter will create

Action

Gestures

Tenor

Drift, import

But as

Only

Startle

Be startled or shocked

Play the swaggerer

Act the braggart

Phoenix

Unique bird that consumes itself in fire and is born again from its own ashes

‘Ods my will

God’s will is my will

Hare

Hares were alleged to be hermaphrodites

Well

Very good

Device

Devising, invention

Protest

Deny the allegation

Her hand

Not her handwriting

Leathern hand

Brown and thick-skinned, as of a working woman

Freestone-coloured

Tawny-colored

Boisterous

Rough, unruly

Style for challengers

Manner of writing suitable for duelists

Defies

Upbraids me

Turk to Christian

Turks were renowned for cruelty

Gentle

Not cruel

Giant-rude

Grossly ill-mannered

Ethiop

Ethiopian, used for both blackness and barbarity

Blacker in their effect

More disagreeable in their import

Countenance

Appearance

Letter

In Shakespeare’s theater letters were usually held by the book-keeper in separate copy from the text of the play and could therefore be lost or misplaced. Rosalind has, in a sense, been given the wrong letter – a love-letter instead of the promised rebuke

So please you

Yes, please

She Phoebes me

She scorns me

Rail

Scoff

Vengeance

Harm, mischief

Eyne

Eyes

Effect

Consequences

Mild aspect

The favorable disposition of the stars, bestowing good fortune

Little knows

Because the letter is sealed

Seal up thy mind

Make up your mind and send your reply sealed in a letter

Kind

Nature, sort

Tame snake

Contemptuous: a poor specimen

Scene 23 

Word/Phrase

Definition

Purlieus

Legal term for an area on the outskirts of a forest

Sheepcote

Shepherd’s cottage

Olive trees

Symbol of peace

Bottom

Hollow or low lying place

Rank

Row, line

Osiers

Willows

Doth keep

Looks after

Such years

The right ages

Bestows

Bears

Ripe

Prime of beauty

Low

Short

Browner

More tanned

Doth commend him

Sends his greetings

Napkin

Handkerchief

Chewing the food of

Ruminating

Fancy

Love longings

Threw his eye aside

Glanced sideways

Mark

Note, listen carefully

High top

Highest branches

Bald

Leafless

Dry antiquity

Lacking by age the sap to produce leaves

Gilded

Golden

Wreathed

Coiled

Nimble in threats

Suggesting the darting movement of the snake’s tongue

Unlinked

Uncoiled

Indented

Sinuous, interlocking

Lioness

Royal beast

With udders all drawn dry

Having suckled its young, and therefore needing food

Couching

Reposing on all fours

Render

Give an account of

Unnatural

Transgressing against kinship bonds

Sucked

Having fed its young

Kindness

Loyalty to kind

Nature

Natural bond between brothers

Just occasion

Good opportunity, also an opportunity for revenge

Contrive

Plot

Being the thing I am

Self-knowledge, suggesting regeneration

But for

What about

Recountments

Recounting of our adventures

I’brief

In brief

Gentle

Noble, compassionate

Committing

Assigning, entrusting

Strong at heart

Hearty, courageous and robust

Dyed

Staining of the handkerchief, homonym “died”

A body

An onlooker, any one

Counterfeited

Acted

Of earnest

Genuine

By right

If allowed my true rights

Draw homewards

Let’s go home together

Scene 24

Word/Phrase

Definition

Patience, gentle Audrey

Touchstone is experiencing and unpatient and ungentle Audrey

Old gentleman

Jaques

Saying

Remarks

Vile

Having a bad influence or evil effect

Interest

Legal right to

Clown

Implying a rustic clown

Flouting

Mocking

Gentle

Ironic: of noble birth and breeding

Five-and-twenty

Shakespeare turned 35 in 1599

A ripe age

Prime of life

Pretty

Ready

Heathen philosopher

Reference to Socrates

Lips to open

To receive the grape

Figure in rhetoric

Amplification

Consent

Agree together

Ipse

Ipse is actually a pronoun that can apply to three people – Touchstone gets it wrong

Vulgar

Common

Boorish

Rough, uneducated

Common

Everyday

To wit

To clarify

Translate

Transform

Deal in

Make use of

Bastinado

Beating with a stick

Steel

Sword, rapier

Bandy

Exchange blows and words

In faction

In a spirit of dissension

O’errun thee with policy

Overwhelm you with plots

Trip

Run, also dance

Attend

Am coming

Scene 25

Word/Phrase

Definition

Her

Aliena

Persever

Persèver

Enjoy

Possess

Giddiness

Irresponsibility

Poverty

As Aliena/Celia has not disclosed her birth, Oliver assumes she is poor

Estate

Settle, entail

All’s

All his

Contented

Happy, satisfied

Scene 26 

Word/Phrase

Definition

Scarf

Sling

Where you are

What you mean

Degrees

Steps

Pair of stairs

Flight of stairs, construct a pair of stairs or pathway to marriage

Incontinent

Precipitately

Incontinent before marriage

Consummate after the marriage, shows restraint

Wrath

Heath and vehemence

Clubs

A club is a heavy wooden cudgel, nothing will part Celia and Oliver

Heart-heaviness

Melancholy, sadness

Serve your turn

Help you

Thinking

Imagining

Conceit

Imagination and mental powers

Insomuch

Insofar as

Neither … me

‘I don’t exert myself in order to gain renown, but to enable you to believe in my ability to do you good.’

Strange

Magical, outside nature

Damnable

Devilish

Near the heart

Intensely

Gesture

Demeanor and actions

Cries it out

Proclaims

Inconvenient

Inappropriate

In sober meanings

Seriously

Tender dearly

Hold dear, consider precious

Array

Attire

Scene 27 

Word/Phrase

Definition

Ungentleness

Unkindness, injury resulting from ignoble behavior

Study

Meditated desire

Despiteful

Scornful, spiteful

Sighs and tears

True sign of Petrachan and chivalric love

Fantasy

Longings, imaginings

Observance

Service and homage

Purity… trial

Testing for chivalry and love

Against the moon

By moonlight

Satisfy you

Make you content

Scene 28

Word/Phrase

Definition

Believe

Question of “faith” underpins the action of this scene

The boy

Ganymede

Whiles

While

Compact

Agreement

Urged

Brought forward for ratification

Bestow

Give in marriage

Had I

If I had

Have

Take as wife

Will

Am determined to

Should

Even if I had to

Both one

One and the same

Make all this matter even

Balance the accounts

Matter

Business

Make these doubts all even

Resolve all these uncertainties

Favour

Looks

Methought

It seemed to me

Desperate studies

Studies carrying the risk of contamination by the devil

Obscured

Concealed by darkness

Circle of this forest

Environment of the forest, circle of the audience, circle in which a magician conjures spirits

Toward

In the offing

Ark

Noah’s ark

Tongues

Languages

Motley-minded

Parti-coloured

Measure

Stately dance based on the precise length of a step

Politic

Diplomatic

Smooth

Suave

Undone

Bankrupted

Like

Was likely

God’ild you

God reward you

Desire you of the like

I desire to b e liked by you

Country copulatives

Rustic lovers

Forswear

Break one’s oath

Blood

Passion

Rich honesty dwells like a miser, sir, in a poor house, as your pearl in your foul oyster

Debate on beauty and honesty; Audrey is plain and chaste, but Touchstone may get tired of her

Sententious

Skilled in uttering

Dulcet diseases

Sweet diseases, i.e. venereal disease

Stalking-horse

False show, riderless horse

Shoots his wit

Hits his target by means of a sharp intelligence disguised as foolishness

Mirth

Triumph of joyful merriment over melancholy

Made even

Balanced

Atone

Make one

Whose heart

Rosalind’s heart

Bar

Forbid

Confusion

Disguises

Strange

Magical, to be wondered at

Cross

Vexation or ill-fortune

Accord

Agreed

To

For

Sure together

Firmly joined

Feed

Satisfy

Eat my word

Go back on my promise

Audience

Hearing, attention

Tidings

News

Fair assembly

Gracious gathering

Resorted

Made their way

Addressed

Assembled

A mighty power

A great army

On foot

Foot soldiers

In his own conduct

Under his own leadership

Take

Seize, arrest

Put him to the sword

Kill him

Skirts

Edges

Old religious man

Hermit

Enterprise

Undertaking

World

Earthly and material concerns

Engage

Stake

Offer’st fairly

Bring fine gifts

To one his lands withheld

Restoration of his confiscated lands

At large

In its entirety

Potent

Powerful

Do those ends

Complete those purposes and conclude those activities

Well begun

Undertaken in a good spirit

Begot

Begotten, conceived or set in motion

Shrewd

Cold, biting

Measure of their states

Degrees of their wealth and consequence

New-fall’n dignity

Favor or status recently acquired or bestowed

Fall into

Throw ourselves into

Measure heaped

A vessel, cup, filled to overflowing

Measures

Dances

Fall

Join in with the dance

By your patience

With your permission

Religious life

Life of  monk or hermit

Pompous

Ceremonious

Convertites

Recently converted

Honor

Respect

Virtue

Moral and physical strength

Faith doth merit

Devotion and trust earns

Voyage is but for two months victualled

The food supply will only hold out for two months, a final traveler’s joke

Measures

Concerns, activities

Stay

Remain

Stay

Wait

Hey nonino

Common singing refrain

Green cornfield

Field of unripe wheat

Ring-time

Exchange of rings for marriage

Unhandsome

Unbecoming

Good wine needs no bush

Wine maker’s sing

Case

Situation

Insinuate with

Wind my way into your good opinion

Furnished

Dressed

Become

Be appropriate to

Charge

Exhort

Please

Like and content

Breaths that I defied not

Breath which didn’t make me turn away in disgust

Curtsy

Courtesy in which the Elizabethan player bent his knee