Scene 1

Word/Phrase

Definition

Poor a

A mere, indefinite article intensifies the adjective; also, small inheritance contradicts the customary favor bestowed on the youngest son.

Charged

‘he’ is implied

Blessing

Benediction given by a dying father to his eldest son

Breed me

Bring me up

Goldenly

Glowingly

Profit

Progress

Rustically

Used disparagingly as a country yokel

Properly

Precisely

Stays

Detains

Unkept

Not looked after

Fair … feeding

Handsome from a good diet

Manage

The final stage in the breaking-in of a horse

Bound

Indebted

Besides … from me

‘As well as giving me abundance of nothing, he deprives me, through his neglect, of the good qualities which nature as bestowed on me.’ The antithesis of ‘nothing’ and ‘something’.

Countenance

(ill) looks and (lack of) favor

Hinds

Servants

Bars

Debars

As … lies

As far as he is able

Mines

Undermines

Gentility with

Good breeding along with

Education

Nurture

Shake me up

Harass me

Make you

Are you doing

Mar

Spoil

Marry

Well, indeed (by Mary)

Be naught awhile

‘go to the devil’

Hogs … husks

Allusion to the parable of the prodigal son, who wasted his father’s gifts, repented and became his servant

Prodigal

Extravagant, wasteful

Gentle … blood

Estate of being well born

Knows

Recognizes

Courtesy

Conventions and customs

Allows

Acknowledges

His reverence

Honorable position and status

Boy

Denigrating reference

Too young

Too childish

Lay hands on

Assault, seize

Railed

Poured scorn on

For … remembrance

For the sake of your father’s memory

At accord

In agreement

Will not

Defiant refusal

Exercises

Riding, fencing, etc.

Allottery

Portion, endowment of a will

Physic

Administer medicine for purging

Scene 2

Word/Phrase

Definition

Good leave

Full permission

Flock

Unlawful assembly

Golden word

Time of eternal spring and innocence

Disguised

Orlando’s birth would disqualify from wrestling, so he must disguise himself to fight

Try a fall

First bout of a wrestling contest

For your love

In consideration of your favor to me

Foil

Overthrow, a wrestling term

Had as life

Would as soon

Anatomize

Analyze

Go alone

Walk without crutches

Scene 3

Word/Phrase

Definition

Learn me

Teach me

So

Provided that

Righteously

Rightly

Tempered

Stretched

Condition … estate

State of my worldly circumstances

But I

Except me

Like

Likely

Perforce

By force

Render

Restore to

Sweet Rose

Beautiful Rose, reference to Queen Elizabeth who adopted the wild rose as her emblem

Devise sports

Think of games

Make sport withal

Amuse ourselves with

Than … again

‘than you are able to laugh off with an innocent blush which shows that your honor was not compromised.’

Come off

Relinquish

Housewife

Head of household, also hussy

Blind woman

Fortune was depicted as blind

Honest

Chaste

Ill-favouredly

Ugly

Fortune’s … Nature’s

Fortune graced with many favors and Nature honored with sundry qualities

Fortune’s office

Those things which pertain to fortune

Fall … fire

Lose her virtue

Cut … argument

Interrupt our train of thought

Natural

Illegitimate offspring

Whetstone

Stone for sharpening metal implements

Pancakes

Traditional fare for Shrove Tuesday, pre-Lenten time when plays were given at court

Forsworn

Perjured

Unmuzzle

Release

Taxation

Fault finding

Put

Force (as in force feeding)

News-crammed

Stuffed with news, like plump pigeons

Sport

Entertainment

Colour

Sort, kind

How … you?

What do you mean?

Loosest .. smell

fart

Scene 4

Word/Phrase

Definition

His … forwardness

‘his own presumption and aggression create his own danger.’

Odds in

Advantage on the side of

Would fain

Would gladly

If … eyes

Renaissance paradox that the eyes look outward and do not see their owner

Misprized

Lowered in value

Trial

Proof of valour

Foiled

Overthrown (wrestling)

Gracious

Full of graces

Gallant

Flamboyant fellow

Lie … earth

Sexual metaphor for death (making love to mother earth)

Will

Determination, sexual drive

Try … fall

In wrestling, one contestant must throw the other, fall consists of one’s back or shoulder touching the ground

Be thy speed

Give you the pace and vigor for success

Invisible

Angelica’s magic ring allows her to become invisibile

Thunderbolt

Jupiter’s weapon

Well breathed

Warmed up

Some man else

Some other man

Still

Continually, always

House

Ancestry

Scene 5

Word/Phrase

Definition

Given entreaties

Reinforced my pleading with tears

Ere

Before

Gentle

Kind-hearted

Sticks

Wounds

But justly

As fairly

All promise

Of valor

Your … happy

Your beloved will be fortunate

Gift of a chain

Normal mark of royal approval for exploits, link between Rosalind and Elizabeth

Out of suits

Out of favor

Means

Wealth

Parts

Capacities

Quintain

Wooden post used as a dummy in jousting

Have with you

‘Alright, I’m coming’

Scene 6

Word/Phrase

Definition

Weights … tongue

Reference to the piling of weights to force guilty or not guilty pleas

Conference

Conversation

Or … or

Either … or

Albeit

although

Humorous

Volatile, unpredictable

Whose

Referring to both women

Argument

Reason or pretext

Bounden

Indebted

Smoke … smother

‘Out of the frying pan into the fire’

Scene 7

Word/Phrase

Definition

Cupid

God of love

Lame … reasons

Disable me with explanations (as stones would lame a dog)

Sudden

‘impulse’ implied

Liking

Predisposition towards loving

Dearly

Intensely

Hate him not

Love him

Why … well?

Why should I not love him? Is he not deserving?

For that

Because he deserves well

Mistress

a peremptory address

Dispatch … haste

‘Leave as quickly as you can – for your safety.’

Cousin

Formal and hostile

If that

When that

Public

Open, the lands and properties under court jurisdiction

Frantic

Mad

Offend

Trespass or sin against

Innocent as grace

Free from sin as the grace of God

Suffice

Be sufficient explanation

There’s

That’s

Treason … inherited

A particular fear at the turn of the century

Friends

Relatives

Mistake … treacherous

‘do not misconstrue the situation by judging me to be a traitor because I am poor.’

Sovereign

Courteous and diplomatic appeal to the justice of a ruler rather than the favor of a father

Ranged along

Roamed about

Pleasure

Choice

That time

At that time

Still

Always

Ate

Eaten

Juno’s swans

Swan was sacred to Venus (cited in Ovid with the Ganymede story); Venus in her chariot borne by two harnessed swans. The reconciliation of Venus and Juno was part of Elizabeth’s iconography.

Coupled

Yoked

Smoothness

Plausibility

Very silence

The very fact of her silence

Patience

Long-suffering

A fool

Stupid, but also too innocent

Doom

Judgment, sentence

Outstay the time

Stay beyond ten days

Greatness … word

Power of my command

Scene 8

Word/Phrase

Definition

Heaven … pale

Sky now faded in response to our sorrows, onset of twilight

Whither … go

Reference to the Book of Ruth, where Ruth vows to go with Naomi

Mean

Shabby

Umber smirch

Boy actors put white make-up to appear like women, here the boy actor would actually remove the white make-up to appear more like a boy. Also blackening the face was the common trait of forest poachers

The like … you do

You do the same

Stir assailants

Provoke attackers

Suit me

Dress and equip myself

All points

In every respect

Curtle-axe

Cutlass, a short broad-bladed sword

Boar-spear

Broad spear with a cross-bar; also, Ganymede was a hunter of boar

Swashing

Swash-buckling

Martial

War-like

Outside

External appearance

Mannish

Manly

Outface it

Brave it out

Semblances

Appearances

Ganymede

Beautiful Trojan shepherd boy seized by Jove to be cup-bearer to the gods, also associated with sign of Aquarius, came to represent Shrovetide festivity

Hath … state

Refers to my (changed) condition

Aliena

Stranger

Assayed

Tried

Leave me alone

Leave it to me

Content

Pleasure and liking

Scene 9

Word/Phrase

Definition

Memory

Living likeness

Make you

Are you doing

Wherefore

For what purpose

Fond

Foolish

Bonny

Robust, stout

Priser

Prize-winner

Humorous

Moody, volatile

No more

So, thus

Your … you

Your good qualities betray you in spite of themselves

Comely

Handsome, generous

Envenoms

Poisons

Matter

Substance

Unhappy

Unfortunate

Roof

House

Graces

Virtues

Use

Are accustomed

Lie

Dwell

Of

In

Practices

Plots

Place

Dwelling-place, home

Butchery

Slaughter-house

So

Provided that

Common

Ordinary

Do how I can

Whatever I do

I … me

I would prefer to submit myself

Diverted blood

Kinship turned aside from its natural (brotherly) course

Bloody brother

Possibly recalling Cain and Abel

Crowns

Four crowns made a pound

Thrifty hire

Economy when hired

Take that

i.e., the money

Lusty

Robust, vigorous

Apply

Administer

Unbashful forehead

Immodest brow, implying horns and unchastity

Means of

Course of action leading to

Weakness and debility

Veiled reference to venereal disease

Constant … world

Faithfulness of servants

Meed

Reward

Come thy ways

Come along

Light upon

Find, happen on

Settled low content

Humble place for untroubled living

Too … week

Too late

Scene 10

Word/Phrase

Definition

Co-mates

Comrades

Old custom

Ancient traditions of pastoral innocence, as in the Garden of Eden

Painted pomp

Ceremonial display

Not … Adam

The penalty of Adam was work

Fang

Tooth

Churlish chiding

Rude scolding

Counselors

Advisors

Feelingly

Through physical sensation

Persuade … am

Convince me of my own insignificance; is man no more than this?

Precious jewel

Ruby between a toad’s eyes gave rise to a superstition that a real jewel (toadstone) could be found in a toad’s head

Tongues

Oratory

Happy

Fortunate

Translate

Transform

Sweet a style

Mellifluous mode

Poor dappled fools

Affectionate humanizing of the deer into a fool

Native burghers

Indigenous citizens of repute and civic power

Confines

Territory, limits

With

By

Forked heads

Bifurcated arrows with barbed points

Kind

Mode of behavior

Lay along

Stretched himself out

Brawls

Flows rowdily and noisily

Sequestered

Separated

Languish

Sink and pine a way

Leathern coat

Deer’s hide

Coursed

Pursued

Marked

(markèd) noted

Th’extremest verge

The very edge

Worldlings

People who values are shaped by their worldly wealth and consequence

Velvet

Soft and luxuriant coat; in Elizabethan London only aristocrats were allowed to wear velvet

Part

Set (us) apart from

Flux

Excess

Careless

Unconcerned

Full … pasture

Having newly grazed

Greasy

Sweaty

Broken

Ruined

Invectively

With satirical thrusts

Mere

Downright, absolute

Cope

Meet with

Straight

Straight away

Scene 11

Word/Phrase

Definition

Doublet and hose

Tight-fitting jacket, worn usually with puffed breeches and stockings

Bear … you

Be patient with you

Fantasy

Imagination

Wearing

Wearing out, exhausting

Searching of

Probing

Batlet

Butter paddle or used to beat laundry

Chopped

Chapped

Peascod

Peapod, a customary love-gift to a woman

Cods

Peapods, pun on cods – testicles

Capers

Escapades

Wiser … of

More wisely than you are aware of

Be ware of

Be wary of

Break my shins

Wise men don’t see the obstacles with which fools obstruct their path

Fashion

Mode

Something stage

Rather passé

Yon

Yonder

Clown

Yokel

Not thy kinsman

Neither your relation nor a clown like you

Desert

Deserted, unpopulated

Entertainment

Both welcome and sustenance

Succor

Nourishment

Fleeces

Sheep

Graze

Provide pasture for

Churlish

Surly, unfriendly

Recks

Cares

Hospitality

Generosity

Cote

Cottage

Bounds of feed

Range of pasture

Sheepcote

Sheep-pen, shepherd’s dwelling

Swain

Shepherd

Mend

Improve, increase

Waste

Spend

Upon report

When you have heard more about it

Feeder

Herdsman, shepherd

Right suddenly

immediately

Scene 12

Word/Phrase

Definition

Motley

Variegated weave rather than separate segments of different colored cloth

Dial

Pocket timepiece and navigational instrument

Poke

Bag

Lack-lustre

Dull

Wags

Goes on

We ripe … we rot

Cycle of nature

Hangs a tale

A tail (an end)

Chanticleer

Rooster

Sans intermission

Without a break

Vents

Lets out or evacuates, suggesting breaking wind

Mangled forms

Disordered shapes

Provided … wise

As long as you disabuse yourselves of the prejudice that I am a wise man

Rank

Gross

Withal

In addition

Bob

Knock, light glancing blow

Squandering

Extravagant

Invest

Clothe in official robes

Fie on thee

For shame

Counter

Base metal coin of now value

Libertine

Debauched person

Brutish sting

Sting of an animal, implication of lust

Embossed sores

Scabs, signs of venereal disease

Headed evils

Boils about to burst

Tax

Accuse

Party

Individual

When that

If

Function

Office, occupation

Bravery

Finery

On my cost

Paid for by me

Mettle

Quality, spirit

There … how then

Well, what about it?

Do him right

Makes a just accusation

Wronged himself

Slandered himself

Boldene’d

Emboldened

Touched my vein

Hit upon my condition

Inland bred

Brought up in the court

Nuture

Good breeding

An

If

What would you have?

What do you want?

Put I on

I assumed

Countenance

Look and manner

Knolled

Tolling of the bell to summon the faithful for church and knell for the dead

Blush

Blush for shame

Holy bell

Supposed to have a protective effect

Upon command

At your own urgent request

Wanting

Need

Ministered

Served

Strange

Outlandish

Pard

Leopard

Bubble … mouth

The cannon mouth inflates the bubble of reputation with the same breath with which it fires the bullets which destroy both life and fame

Formal cut

Trimmed appropriately

Wise saws

Sage sayings

Modern

Recent, new

Instances

Arguments or examples to defend a legal case

Pantaloon

Baggy trousers

Pouch

Purse

A world

Much

Venerable

Worthy of reverence

Fall to

Begin eating, ‘tuck in’

Rude

Rough

Feigning

Pretending

Nigh

Near

Warp

Ruffle, ripple

Sting

Biting wind also pain of the forgotten friend

Friend remembered not

Act of forgetting a friend

Effigies witness

Testifies to likeness

Limned

Painted

Residue

Rest, remainder

Right

Heartily

Your fortunes

Vicissitudes of your life

Scene 13

Word/Phrase

Definition

But … present

‘If I were not in the main a merciful man I would wreak my revenge on you, instead of looking for someone who is not here.’

Argument

Pretext

Look to it

Get moving

Seek … candle

Search thoroughly

Turn

Return

Make an extent

Make a valuation (for the purposes of confiscation)

Turn him going

Turn him back in his tracks

Scene 14

Word/Phrase

Definition

Thrice-crowned queen

Reference to the threefold nature of the moon goddess Diana/Artemis (Hecate, queen of the underworld and Phoebe, the moon)

Thy huntress’ name

Rosalind as one of Diana nymphs

Full

Whole

Sway

Govern

Character

Inscribe

Unexpressive

Inexpressible

In respect

Considering

Naught

Worthless

Solitary

As in the contemplative life

Private

Lacking company

Vile

Low, condition to be despised

Spare

Frugal

Humour

Constitution

Stomach

Inclination, appetite

No more but

Only

Means

Capacity

Property

Innate character

Wit

Understanding

Art

Skill

Dull kindred

Stupid extended family

Parlous

Perilous

Not a whit

Not at all

Salute not

Do not kiss on the cheek

Lambs suck

In Elizabethan England, lambing began on April Fool’s Day

Eight years together

For the space of eight years

Right

True

Butter-women’s rank to market

Line of dairy-wives chanting traditional rhymes while riding to market to sell butter

Taste

Sample or savor

Sheaf and bind

Make the corn into sheaves and gather them together in stooks (bunches of standing sheaves)

Love’s prick

The thorn of the rose

False gallop

Suitable for a horse but not for refined verses

Dull

Stupid

Right virtue

Proper quality

Forest judge

Audience to decide whether his or Rosalind’s joke is funnier

For

Because

Tongues

His poems

Erring

Wandering

Span

Width of an outstretched hand

Quintessence

Elixir or distillation

Withal

With

Scrip

Shepherd’s pouch

Scene 15

Word/Phrase

Definition

Palm-tree

Tree whose fruit bears handwriting (palm of a hand)

Pythagoras

Reference to Pythagoras’s doctrine of the transmigration of souls; also maybe a joke on numbers

Irish

Reference to the Irish crisis of 1599

Trow you

 Do you know, can you guess

Petitionary vehemence

Importunacy of one who presents a petition

Out … hooping

Out of all limit

Good my complexion

‘By the truth of my looks and character’

Caparisoned like

Wearing the trappings of

South Sea

Elizabethans eagerly sought a short cut to China – most expedient way

Apace

As quickly as you can

Wine … bottle

Reference to Ganymede as the cup-bearer

Tidings

News

Makes he

Is he doing

Freshly

Vigorously

Atomies

Tiny particles

Observance

Attention

Audience

Hearing, attention

Becomes

Enhances the beauty of

Holla

Term rider uses to restrain a horse

Curvets

Stopping and starting of a horse being trained to jump

Unseasonably

Inappropriately

Furnished

Equipped and dressed

Scene 16

Word/Phrase

Definition

Bring me out

Make me forget my lines

As life

As soon

Just

Correct

Conned

Learned by heart

Painted cloth

Hangings painted with ballads, stories, etc. used to decorate inns and homes

Figure

Image

Cipher

Nought, a figure 0, also naught like a fool

Tarry

stay

Scene 17 

Word/Phrase

Definition

Saucy lackey

Impudent serving-boy

Habit

Disguise

Play the knave

Act the part of a roguish youth

Forester

Hunter

What is’t o’clock?

What time is it?

Lazy foot

Moves so slowly

Proper

Fitting

Divers

Various

Withal

With whom

Se’ennight

Week

Hard

Laboured

Priest that lacks Latin

Uneducated priest

Penury

Poverty

Softly

Slowly

Vacation

Period between legal terms

Term

Legal year was divided into terms

Pretty

Personable, attractive

Coney

Mountain rabbit

Kindled

Conceived and born

Removed

Remote

Inland

Nurtured at court

Giddy

Frivolous, irresponsible

Taxed

Accused

Cast away

Waste

Physic

Medicine

Quotidian

Daily

Love-shaked

Shivering with the fever of love

Marks

Distinguishing characteristics

Cage of rushes

Prison with soft bars easy to escape

Unquestionable spirit

Moody

Hose … ungartered

Stockings falling carelessly

Careless desolation

Indifference to appearance caused by abandonment to passion

Point-device

Fastidiously attentive to detail

Accoutrements

Trappings

Warrant

Guarantee

Give the lie to

Contradict

In good sooth

In good faith

White hand

Characteristic of nobly born woman

Nook

Corner

Liver

Believed to be the seat of the passions

Would not

Do not want to

Cote

Cottage